ERIC Number: EJ661619
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
Definitions of Bullying: A Comparison of Terms Used, and Age and Gender Differences, in a Fourteen-Country International Comparison.
Smith, Peter K.; Cowie, Helen; Olafsson, Ragnar F.; Liefooghe, Andy P.D.
Child Development, v73 n4 p1119-33 Jul-Aug 2002
Used stick-figure cartoons depicting various peer social situations to investigate meanings given by children in 14 countries to native terms cognate to bullying. Found that 8-year- olds primarily discriminated nonaggressive and aggressive situations; 14-year-olds discriminated fighting versus physical bullying and verbal bullying versus social exclusion. Found that gender differences were less appreciable than age differences. Used data from 14-year-olds to identify terms related to bullying, which fell into 6 groups. (Author/KB)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Cited: ED485700