ERIC Number: EJ637116
Record Type: CIJE
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: 0
Standards, Retention, and Social Promotion.
Owings, William A.; Kaplan, Leslie S.
NASSP Bulletin, v85 n629 p57-66 Dec 2001
Describes origin and elements of the standards movement. Reviews research on grade retention and social promotion and concludes that both are failed strategies to improve student achievement. Describes principal's role in meeting standards. Discusses the use of systemic and classroom interventions to help students meet state standards. (Contains 23 references.) (PKP)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A