ERIC Number: EJ634131
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
Development and Initial Validation of a Measure of Academic Hardiness.
Benishek, Lois A.; Lopez, Frederick G.
Journal of Career Assessment, v9 n4 p333-52 Fall 2001
Hardiness of academic self-concept was measured in 481 high school students; factor analyses were conducted. Validity and reliability of the Academic Hardiness Scale were supported, and a three-factor model emerged, depicting hardiness as a process of commitment, control, and challenge that served to buffer stressful situations. (Contains 60 references.) (SK)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A