ERIC Number: EJ633946
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
Worldwide Shadow Education: Outside-School Learning, Institutional Quality of Schooling, and Cross-National Mathematics Achievement.
Baker, David P.; Akiba, Motoko; Le Tendre, Gerald K.; Wiseman, Alexander W.
Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, v23 n1 p1-17 Spr 2001
Used data from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study to examine "shadow education" (structured outside-school activities that mimic formal education) as a macro-phenomenon of modern schooling. Findings show shadow education to be prevalent worldwide, but generally remedial in nature, and usually driven by institutional factors of education. (SLD)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study