ERIC Number: EJ609146
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Reference Count: N/A
Defensive Localism in White and Black: A Comparative History of European-American and African-American Youth Gangs.
Ethnic and Racial Studies, v23 n2 p272-98 Mar 2000
Compares European American and African American youth gangs in four historical periods (seaboard, immigrant, racially changing, and hypersegregated cities), showing that differences can be traced to race-specific effects of labor, housing, and consumer markets, government policies, local politics, and organized crime on their communities. Concludes that European American gangs facilitated cultural assimilation while African American gangs reinforced cultural separation. (SM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Ethnicity, Immigrants, Immigration, Racial Differences, Racial Segregation, Social Differences, United States History, Urban Areas
Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Inc., Taylor and Francis Group, 7625 Empire Dr., Florence, KY 41042; Tel: 800-634-7064 (Toll Free); Fax: 800-245-4724 (Toll Free).
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A