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ERIC Number: EJ592456
Record Type: CIJE
Publication Date: 1994
Pages: N/A
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0002-8312
Grade Retention and Problem Behavior.
Gottfredson, Denise C.; Fink, Carolyn M.; Graham, Nanette
American Educational Research Journal, v31 n4 p761-84 Win 1994
Explores the causal nature of the association between grade repetition and later adolescent problem behaviors for 197 retained and 204 promoted African-American sixth and seventh graders in two urban middle schools. Regression analyses imply that retention reduced rebellious behavior in school and increased attachment to school. (SLD)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A