ERIC Number: EJ580713
Record Type: CIJE
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: 0
Variables Contributing to Grade Retention among African American Adolescent Males.
Rodney, Laxley W.; Crafter, Betty; Rodney, H. Elaine; Mupier, Robert M.
Journal of Educational Research, v92 n3 p185-90 Jan-Feb 1999
Investigated the occurrence of grade retention across all socioeconomic classes in urban and suburban populations, focusing on the effects of alcohol abuse, school suspension, violence, and lack of discipline in the home. Surveys of 243 African-American adolescent boys indicated that there was a positive association between number of suspensions and grade retention. (SM)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A