ERIC Number: EJ494677
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Urban Sanctuaries: Neighborhood Organizations That Keep Hope Alive.
McLaughlin, Milbrey W.; Irby, Merita A.
Phi Delta Kappan, v76 n4 p300-06 Dec 1994
Some inner-city youth have "ducked the bullet" and built hope through participation in neighborhood-based organizations that offer safety, support, guidance, companionship, and opportunities for growth and engagement. All 60 urban sanctuaries examined in 3 metropolitan areas shared common features: dynamic adult leadership, family-like environments, challenging activities, flexibility, attunement to youngsters' needs, and youth empowerment goals. (15 references) (MLH)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A