ERIC Number: EJ458540
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
School Participant Empowerment Scale: Assessment of Level of Empowerment within the School Environment.
Short, Paula M.; Rinehart, James S.
Educational and Psychological Measurement, v52 n4 p951-60 Win 1992
Three studies involving 79 teacher leaders, 4 school empowerment experts, and 387 secondary school teachers indicate that the 38-item School Participant Empowerment Scale (SPES) may tap 6 dimensions of empowerment within the school organization identified in the literature. The SPES effectively measures perceived empowerment in school settings. (SLD)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A