ERIC Number: EJ450931
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Grade Retention and School Adjustment: An Explanatory Analysis.
Reynolds, Arthur J.
Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, v14 n2 p101-21 Sum 1992
Studied effects at grade 4 of early grade retention for 1,255 low-income mostly African-American children (20.4 percent had been retained from kindergarten to grade 3). Retention negatively affected cognitive reading and mathematics achievement, had no relation to teacher ratings of school adjustment, and positively affected children's perceived school competence. (RLC)
Descriptors: Black Students, Competence, Grade Repetition, High Risk Students, Intermediate Grades, Longitudinal Studies, Mathematics Achievement, Minority Group Children, National Surveys, Outcomes of Education, Primary Education, Reading Achievement, Self Efficacy, Student Adjustment, Student Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Cited: ED491697