ERIC Number: EJ396339
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Black Racial Identity Development: Issues and Concerns.
Smith, Elsie M. J.
Counseling Psychologist, v17 n2 p277-88 Apr 1989
Comments on two opening articles by Parham ("Cycles of Psychological Nigrescence") and Helms ("Considering Some Methodological Issues in Racial Identity Counseling Research"). Suggests that the connotations of victimization and racial conflict in the concept of "psychological Nigrescence" are obsolete. Offers 11 propositions in search of a comprehensive racial identity development theory. (TE)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A