ERIC Number: EJ366185
Record Type: CIJE
Publication Date: 1987
Reference Count: 0
Relationships between Instructional Differences and Learning Outcomes: A Process-product Study of Communicative Language Teaching.
Spada, Nina M.
Applied Linguistics, v8 n2 p137-61 Sum 1987
Classroom observation of three adult English as a second language classes and pre- and post-testing of students for proficiency were used to investigate the relationships between instructional processes and learning outcomes. The observation scheme, Communicative Orientation of Language Teaching, and the various results are described in detail. (Author/LMO)
Descriptors: Adult Learning, Classroom Environment, Classroom Observation Techniques, Communicative Competence (Languages), Conversational Language Courses, Discourse Analysis, English (Second Language), Higher Education, Instructional Effectiveness, Language Proficiency, Language Tests, Outcomes of Education, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Teacher Student Relationship, Teaching Methods, Teaching Styles
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A