ERIC Number: EJ307802
Record Type: CIJE
Publication Date: 1984
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Nonpromotion on Elementary and Junior High School Pupils: A Meta-Analysis.
Holmes, C. Thomas; Matthews, Kenneth M.
Review of Educational Research, v54 n2 p225-36 Sum 1984
Data from 44 studies were mathematically integrated to determine the effect of grade-level retention on elementary and/or junior high school pupils. Grand means and effect sizes of dependent variable measures, including academic achievement and personal adjustment, were calculated. Outcomes for promoted pupils were more positive than for retained pupils. (Author/BS)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Adapted from a paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (67th, Montreal, Quebec, April 11-15, 1983).