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ERIC Number: EJ1349753
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2022-Sep
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-8756-8705
EISSN: EISSN-2168-8605
Examining Rural School Implementation of Positive Behavioral Supports across Tiers
Chaparro, Erin A.; Kittelman, Angus; McDaniel, Sara C.; Peshak George, Heather; VanLone, Janet; So, SoLing
Rural Special Education Quarterly, v41 n3 p116-128 Sep 2022
Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) is a prevention-oriented multitiered system of support. In this article, we discuss how PBIS implementation might be different for schools in rural settings. We used two subsamples of an extant data set of 11,561 schools in 44 U.S. states reporting on PBIS implementation fidelity during the 2018-19 school year. We examined PBIS implementation in rural and nonrural settings using a subsample of 6,631 schools during their first five years of PBIS implementation (2014-15 to 2018-19 school years). Further, we used a subsample of 2,266 schools to examine differences in implementation for rural schools, specifically (n = 1,215) in their first five years of PBIS implementation (2014-15 to 2018-19) compared to rural schools (n = 1,051) implementing six or more years (2000-01 to 2013-14). Rural schools differ from other school locales in the implementation of Tiers 2 and 3 systems during initial implementation. When examining the implementation in rural schools implementing PBIS for five or fewer years to those implementing for six years or more, those implementing longer had higher scores at Tiers 2 and 3. Practical implications across all three tiers, special education, and rural locales are presented.
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A