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ERIC Number: EJ1273685
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2020
Pages: 44
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1309-9108
An Integrated Teaching Tolerance in Learning History of Indonesian National Movement at Higher Education
Utomo, Cahyo Budi; Wasino
Journal of Social Studies Education Research, v11 n3 p65-108 2020
This study aims to develop students' knowledge of tolerance through learning the history of the Indonesian national movement in multicultural classes. The research questions are: (1) what kinds of tolerance knowledge are perceived as tolerance or intolerance deeds by undergraduate history students at Universitas Negeri Semarang? (2) How are tolerance behaviors performed as tolerance or intolerance deeds by the undergraduate history students? and (3) What factors are perceived to contribute tolerance or intolerance deed by the undergraduate history students? This research was conducted using an ethnographic design with Grounded Theory. The research involved 25 students of the History Education Undergraduate Program at Universitas Negeri Semarang as participants. Data were collected through in-depth interviews and observation. The correctness of the data was checked using triangulation and member check techniques. The results of the study are: (1) tolerance is defined as knowledge that is rooted in the history of the Indonesian national movement, and the basis for the establishment of the independence of Indonesia, however, intolerance is a historical idea, emerging as the egoism of certain groups in the form of sentiment and violence; (2) an attitude of tolerance is not only respecting diversity but also caring for and maintaining it to become knowledge that must belong to every individual. Intolerance is an attitude that leads to disintegration and conflict, its activities are coercive and followed by violence; and (3) factors that contribute to the development of tolerance are Pancasila ideology, multiculturalism, and historical knowledge. Hence, this study concludes that tolerance is seen as an idea that views humans from any ethnic, cultural, and religious background as having equality seen from the perspective of nationality and humanity.
Journal of Social Studies Education Research. Serhat Mah. 1238/2 Sok. 7B Blok 12 Ostim, Yenimahalle, Ankara, Turkey; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Indonesia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A