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ERIC Number: EJ1261089
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2020-Aug
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0142-7237
Short-Term Memory, Working Memory and Linguistic Abilities in Bilingual Children with Developmental Language Disorder
Talli, Ioanna; Stavrakaki, Stavroula
First Language, v40 n4 p437-460 Aug 2020
This article investigates verbal short-term memory (vSTM) and verbal working memory (vWM) abilities and their relation to lexical and syntactic abilities in monolingual (mono-) and bilingual (bi-) children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) and typical development (TD). The authors employed the following tasks: vSTM (non-word repetition and forward digit span), vWM (backward digit span), receptive vocabulary, syntactic production (sentence repetition) and syntactic comprehension (relative clauses, reflexives and passives). While the mono- and bi-DLD groups underperformed the mono- and bi-TD groups respectively in all tasks, the two clinical groups differed only in receptive vocabulary. vSTM was a significant predictor of syntactic performance for both monolinguals and bilinguals, while vWM was a significant predictor of syntactic performance only for bilinguals. These findings suggest that impairments in vSTM, wVM and syntax are core clinical features in DLD, and that vWM makes a greater contribution to syntax in bilinguals than in monolinguals.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Greece
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children; Raven Progressive Matrices
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A