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ERIC Number: EJ1257953
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1935-3308
Dental Students' Expression of Cultural Competence
Behar-Horenstein, Linda S.; Feng, Xiaoying; Isaac, Carol A.; Lee, Barbara
Journal of Ethnographic & Qualitative Research, v11 n3 p171-187 Spr 2017
Researchers explored patterns of significance in students' reflective writings before and after interviews with individuals unlike themselves. To determine changes in cultural attitudes or beliefs, the Linguistic Inquiry Word Count (LIWC) program and QUAN [right arrow]qual sequential mixed methods model was used. Seven factors explained 66.49% of the variance. This is a successful replication of a previous study, so the authors describe specific contextual differences. An analysis of participants' reflective writings offer insight about how participants integrate new and existing knowledge. Thematic content of the qualitative data revealed that increased opportunities for contact resulted in students' expressions of change. The findings demonstrate that experiencing instructional activities which challenge dental students' personal biases, while simultaneously exposing them first hand to the lived realities of others is important to catalyzing a shift in attitudes. Based on these findings, experiential learning experiences versus didactic coursework are recommended for students to relate the concepts of cultural competency and health disparities. Mixed methods inquiry can inform faculty about the outcomes that may emerge from these efforts.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Florida
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A