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ERIC Number: EJ1257871
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2020-Jul
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1362-3613
Oral Health Status of Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review of Case-Control Studies and Meta-Analysis
Lam, Phoebe P. Y.; Du, Rennan; Peng, Simin; McGrath, Colman P. J.; Yiu, Cynthia K. Y.
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v24 n5 p1047-1066 Jul 2020
Children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder are thought to be more vulnerable to oral diseases than typically developing individuals due to cariogenic dietary habits, self-injurious behaviors, and increased barriers to dental care services. This review aimed to summarize current evidence comparing the oral health status of people diagnosed with and without autism spectrum disorder. Study selection and screening, data extraction, risk of bias assessment, and quality-of-evidence evaluation was conducted using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment Development and Evaluation approach and performed independently by two reviewers. A total of 16 studies were found eligible for qualitative synthesis and 15 were included in quantitative analysis. When comparing children and adolescents diagnosed with and without autism spectrum disorder, significantly higher prevalence of bruxism was identified. Individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder were also found to have significantly lower salivary pH. However, no statistically significant differences in terms of caries prevalence and severity, oral hygiene and periodontal status, prevalence of malocclusion, dental traumatic injuries, as well as salivary flow rate and buffering capacity were found. The quality of evidence of each outcome was graded as very low mainly due to the overall high risk of bias, considerable heterogeneity, and imprecision.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A