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ERIC Number: EJ1256623
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2020
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1449-5554
Factors Affecting Chinese University Students' Intention to Continue Using Virtual and Remote Labs
Zhang, Mu-Hua; Su, Chien-Yuan; Li, Yan; Li, Yan-Yan
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, v36 n2 p169-185 2020
Recently, virtual and remote labs (VRLs) have been developed to support students in conducting experiments in engineering and science education. However, little is known about the students' intentions to continue using VRLs and their satisfaction with the experience. This study proposed an extended model embedded within the expectation confirmation model and two variables concerning flow experience (time distortion and focused attention) to predict Chinese university students' satisfaction with and intention to continue using VRLs. A structural equation modelling technique based on covariance was conducted to evaluate survey questionnaire responses received from 238 students at a university located in central China. The results demonstrated that satisfaction was the most crucial determinant of the students' intention to continue using VRLs, followed closely by perceived usefulness. Confirmation played an indirect role in predicting students' intentions to continue using VRLs via satisfaction and perceived usefulness. Students' flow experience while performing virtual experiments played a positive and direct role in confirming their expectations of VRLs. Implications for practice or policy: (1) Instructors and higher education institutions could improve students' satisfaction with VRL-based experimental teaching and increase their intention to continue using VRLs in their future studies by providing them with optimal flow experiences; (2) Designers and developers could improve the quality of these VRLs from the perspective of the users' flow experience; and (3) Researchers could verify more factors that influence confirmation and clarify how they could be manipulated in future studies.
Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education. Ascilite Secretariat, P.O. Box 44, Figtree, NSW, Australia. Tel: +61-8-9367-1133; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A