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ERIC Number: EJ1247300
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2020
Abstractor: As Provided
Peer Victimization and Loneliness: The Moderating Role of School Connectedness by Gender
Carney, JoLynn V.; Kim, Isak; Bright, David; Hazler, Richard J.
Journal of School Counseling, v18 n8 2020
School bullying has a detrimental impact on students, including sense of isolation and diminished school connectedness. The current study adopted social capital theory to examine the role of school connectedness as a moderator on the association between peer victimization and loneliness. A sample of 878 fourth- to sixth-grade elementary school students completed a self-report measure assessing peer victimization from school bullying, loneliness, and school connectedness. For data analyses, 834 cases (51.7% boys) were used after excluding cases with missing values. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, independent t-tests of peer victimization, loneliness, and school connectedness by gender, bivariate correlation analysis, and separate hierarchical linear regression analyses for boys and girls. Results supported existing literature revealing there was a significant mean difference in school connectedness by gender. School connectedness buffered the relationship between peer victimization and loneliness for girls as a moderator, whereas this moderating effect did not appear for boys. Implications for future research and practice are discussed.
Descriptors: Bullying, Social Capital, Peer Relationship, Victims, Psychological Patterns, Grade 4, Grade 5, Grade 6, Middle School Students, Student School Relationship, Sex, Gender Differences, Rural Schools, Rating Scales, Intervention, Middle Schools
Journal of School Counseling. Montana State University, College of Education, Health and Human Development, P.O. Box 172940, Bozeman, MT 59717. Tel: 406-994-4133; Fax: 406-994-1854; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://jsc.montana.edu
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Grade 5; Middle Schools; Grade 6; Junior High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A