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ERIC Number: EJ1236773
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Nov
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1092-4388
Efficacy of Conversation Training Therapy for Patients with Benign Vocal Fold Lesions and Muscle Tension Dysphonia Compared to Historical Matched Control Patients
Gillespie, Amanda I.; Yabes, Jonathan; Rosen, Clark A.; Gartner-Schmidt, Jackie L.
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v62 n11 p4062-4079 Nov 2019
Purpose: Conversation training therapy (CTT) is the 1st voice therapy approach to eliminate the traditional therapeutic hierarchy and use patient-driven conversation as the sole therapeutic stimulus. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the efficacy of CTT compared to standard-of-care voice therapy approaches for the treatment of patients with voice disorders. Method: A prospective study of CTT treatment outcomes in adults with dysphonia due to primary muscle tension dysphonia or benign vocal fold lesions compared to age, gender, and diagnosis historical matched control (HMC) patients was used. The primary outcome was change in Voice Handicap Index--10 (VHI-10); secondary outcomes included acoustic, aerodynamic, and auditory-perceptual outcomes. Data were collected before treatment (baseline), at the start of each therapy session, 1 week after the final therapy session (short-term follow-up), and 3 months after the final therapy session (long-term follow-up). Results: For the CTT group, statistically significant improvements were observed for VHI-10. Though statistically significant improvements were observed for the VHI-10 for the HMC group, the CTT group saw significantly greater improvement in VHI-10. Furthermore, equivalent gains were observed following only 2 sessions of CTT compared to 4-8 sessions of traditional therapy. Significant improvements in the CTT group were observed for cepstral peak prominence in a vowel, fundamental frequency, Cepstral Spectral Index of Dysphonia in a vowel and connected speech, vocal intensity, average airflow in speech in a reading passage, number of breaths and duration of reading passage, and auditory-perceptual measurement of overall voice severity. Conclusions: Results support the hypothesis that training voice techniques in the context of spontaneous conversational speech improves patient perception of voice handicap and acoustic, aerodynamic, and auditory-perceptual voice outcomes both immediately following treatment and at long-term follow-up. CTT participants also demonstrated significantly larger decreases in VHI-10 compared to HMC participants who received standard-of-care, nonconversational, hierarchical-based voice therapy.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A