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ERIC Number: EJ1236325
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2333-4851
A Nurse-Led Inpatient Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support Program to Improve Patient Knowledge and Treatment Adherence
Macido, Antony
Journal of Health Education Teaching, v10 n1 p1-10 2019
Purpose: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a growing problem in the United States and worldwide. Diabetes possesses a significant burden on the healthcare costs. An evidence-based, practical, and economically feasible strategy to tackle the growing burden of DM is imminent. Diabetes self-management education and support (DSMES) is the backbone to improve the care in DM. A research study called a nurse-led inpatient DSMES was designed and implemented in a community hospital on the west coast to improve patient knowledge of DM and medication adherence with DM. Methods: A descriptive, pretest-posttest study was employed to evaluate the effects of a DSMES program on patient knowledge of DM and patient medication adherence in an inpatient setting on the West coast. Convenience sampling was utilized, and the sample included 10 participants. Paired t-test was used to compare the group means before and after the provision of DSMES to the same sample. Results: The study revealed a statistically significant improvement (p = 0.026) in the participants' knowledge of DM after the provision of DSMES while no changes (although not statistically significant, p = 1.00), in the participants' medication adherence. Conclusions: Provision of DSMES by nurses can improve the outcomes of patients with DM in inpatient settings. Recommendations: Implementation of a nurse-led DSMES project has the potential to improve patient knowledge and diabetes self-management skills, which can, in turn, improve treatment adherence and potentially prevent frequent hospitalizations in patients with DM. Further large-scale studies are needed to generate further evidence to support the provision of DSMES by nurses.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A