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ERIC Number: EJ1230842
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Oct
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0663
Metacognitive Judgments of Prior Material Facilitate the Learning of New Material: The Forward Effect of Metacognitive Judgments in Inductive Learning
Lee, Hee Seung; Ha, Hyorim
Journal of Educational Psychology, v111 n7 p1189-1201 Oct 2019
Recent studies have shown that interim testing of previously studied material facilitates the learning of new material. Such forward testing effect occurs, in part, because interim testing provides learners with an opportunity to evaluate their learning strategies and allows them to use more effective strategies in their subsequent learning. We hypothesized that making metacognitive judgments of prior learning would also have similar effects, as it would directly require learners to think about their own learning status. Three experiments examined whether an act of making judgments of learning (JOLs) on prior material could facilitate the learning of new material in inductive learning, namely, creating a forward effect of metacognitive judgments. Participants studied painting styles of various artists, which were divided into two separate sections (Sections A and B). They were asked to provide JOLs, restudy, or take a test on the studied paintings of Section A before moving on to study the paintings of different artists in Section B, and then were given a final cumulative test where participants had to transfer what they had previously learned to new exemplars of the studied artists. The results indicated that simply requiring learners to make item-level JOLs (Experiment 1) did not facilitate learning compared with restudy, but the act of making category-level JOLs (Experiment 2) and global metacognitive judgments (Experiment 3) facilitated the learning of new materials. The findings suggest that making a JOL is not a neutral activity and that it can influence learners' subsequent study behavior and learning outcomes.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Korea
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A