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ERIC Number: EJ1230247
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1305-578X
Validity and Reliability Study of the Attitude Scale towards Second Foreign Language Learning
Çetin, Saban; Budak, Yusuf; Çetin, Filiz; Arslangilay, A. Selcen
Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, v15 n2 p972-988 2019
In this study it is aimed to develop a measurement tool to determine the attitudes of foreign language teacher candidates towards a second foreign language. The item pool was prepared by literature review and teacher candidates' views and finalized by taking expert opinions. The 61 item preliminary form was applied to 504 teacher candidates studying in different grades of Foreign Language Teaching Departments of Gazi University Gazi Faculty of Education in 2018-2019 academic year Spring semester. Analyses towards determining the psychometric features of the scale were made on the data set obtained from the application. The data set was applied first Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) for construct validity and then Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). The exploratory and confirmatory analyses were made on two groups by dividing the total student number into two. EFA was conducted on the first group (n[subscript 1]=252) whereas CFA was conducted on the second group (n[subscript 2]=252). At the end of exploratory factor analysis, the scale was observed to consist of 43 items and 3 subdimensions. The sub-dimensions were named according to the judgments the scale items reflected as "positive belief towards learning a second foreign language", "resistance to learning a second foreign language" and "attaching importance to learning a second foreign language". The three factor structure about the scale explains the 49.72% of the total variance. At the end of the reliability analysis Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient for the overall scale is 0.95, for sub-dimensions respectively as 0.95 and 0.90 and 0.76. The model fit indices for the scale at the end of the confirmatory factor analysis are determined as RMSEA, 0.076; x[superscript 2]/df=2.4; SRMR=0.81; NFI=0.94; NNFI=0.96; IFI=96; CFI=0.96; RFI=94. Values obtained from confirmatory factor analysis are in acceptable reference range and shows that 3 factor scale construct is validated.
Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies. Hacettepe Universitesi, Egitim Fakultesi B Blok, Yabanci Diller Egitimi Bolumu, Ingiliz Dili Egitimi Anabilim Dali, Ankara 06800, Turkey. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A