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ERIC Number: EJ1227284
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Oct
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1362-3613
Autism Severity, Co-Occurring Psychopathology, and Intellectual Functioning Predict Supportive School Services for Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Rosen, Tamara E.; Spaulding, Christine J.; Gates, Jacquelyn A.; Lerner, Matthew D.
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v23 n7 p1805-1816 Oct 2019
Supportive school services are a primary service modality for youth with autism spectrum disorder. Autism spectrum disorder, as well as co-occurring psychiatric symptoms and low intellectual abilities, interfere with academic achievement and therefore influence decisions about school services. Therefore, we examined the association of parent, teacher, and clinician ratings of autism spectrum disorder and co-occurring psychiatric symptom severity and intellectual functioning with school services. In total, 283 youth with autism spectrum disorder were assessed with clinical evaluation via the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule and parent and teacher versions of the CASI-4R ("Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory"). Full Scale Intelligence Quotient scores were obtained from case records. Clinical and teacher evaluations of autism spectrum disorder severity predicted services and were more strongly associated with school services than parent ratings. Teacher ratings were only associated with common school services (e.g. speech/language therapy, occupational therapy, and/or social skills training) frequency at medium and high levels of clinician-rated autism spectrum disorder severity. Higher IQ and parent-rated externalizing symptoms predicted lower likelihood of receiving school services, whereas internalizing symptoms were not predictive of school services. Autism spectrum disorder symptoms may overshadow externalizing and internalizing symptoms when considering school service supports. Results highlight the importance of evaluating autism spectrum disorder severity via multiple sources, especially in cases of unclear symptom presentation, when examining correlates of school services for youth with autism spectrum disorder.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A