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ERIC Number: EJ1223056
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0046-760X
Making Testers out of Teachers: The Work of a Swedish State Research Institute 1946-1956
Lundahl, Christian
History of Education, v48 n5 p646-663 2019
Between 1946 and 1956, the Swedish Psychological and Pedagogical Institute (SPPI) organised several summer courses for the purpose of training teachers in intelligence testing. The aim of the courses was to make these teachers the first gatekeepers who would meet and direct the youngest pupils into ordinary classes or into special classes. This paper investigates the course leaders and the participants in these courses, as well as the content taught. It is argued that these testing courses are examples of a shift in assessment in education from trusting teachers' 'judgements' of pupils' skills and abilities to externally standardising the 'measure' of these merits. It is also argued that researchers and teachers were part of a larger change in the politics of IQ. SPPI's role within this process was that of a new and modern institution serving society: making IQ testing a public familiarity and the stratification of children that often followed from it.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A