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ERIC Number: EJ1221202
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Aug
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-4391
An Evaluation of an Unstructured and Structured Approach to Increasing Recess Physical Activity
Behrens, Timothy K.; Holeva-Eklund, Whitney M.; Luna, Carmen; Carpenter, Dick; Tucker, Elizabeth; Field, Julaine; Kelly, Cheryl
Journal of School Health, v89 n8 p636-642 Aug 2019
Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate an unstructured and a structured program designed to increase physical activity (PA). The unstructured program increased the amount of equipment during recess, whereas the structured program introduced activities to students. Methods: PA was observed using the System for Observing Play and Leisure Activity in Youth (SOPLAY) in two school districts in Colorado. Researchers recorded baseline and follow-up observations for sedentary activity, moderate PA, and vigorous PA, as well as for available equipment for the unstructured program. Observations from schools were aggregated for data analyses at the district level. Results: For the program increasing equipment, moderate PA and vigorous PA increased, while sedentary behavior decreased. For the structured program, moderate PA and vigorous PA did not increase, whereas sedentary behaviors increased following the program. Conclusions: Other variables are likely influencing student PA during recess, such as teachers' interaction with students or the fidelity of the program. Results indicate that funding and implementing a program aimed at increasing PA will not necessarily accomplish that goal, and additional research should be performed to determine the best practice for increasing PA.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Colorado
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A