NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
PDF on ERIC Download full text
ERIC Number: EJ1217919
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Apr
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0555-7747
Examining Grade 9 Students' Engagement in Mathematical Problem-Solving (MPS) When Working as Individuals and in a Small Group Settings
Alvi, Effat; Nausheen, Munaza
Bulletin of Education and Research, v41 n1 p163-184 Apr 2019
Problem-solving is central to mathematics education across the world. The National Curriculum for Mathematics (Grade I-XII) in Pakistan emphasizes the importance of problem-solving in developing students' mathematical knowledge and understanding. Informed by Polya's heuristics that guides the problem-solving process, this study examined Grade 9 students' mathematical problem-solving (MPS) when working as individuals and in a small group setting. Data were triangulated through multiple methods including semi-structured interviews, observations of episodes of students solving problems in a small group, written responses to the problems, and focus group interview. The findings reveal that the participants demonstrated variations in the emphasis given to each stage as well as the manner in which problem-solving was operationalized at an individual and a group level. Moreover, students both individually and while working in a small group go back and forth among different stages of Polya's heuristics. These findings have implications for the teaching and learning of MPS in academically less advanced countries similar to Pakistan.
Institute of Education and Research. University of the Punjab Quaid-i-Azam Campus, Lahore, 54590 Pakistan. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 9; High Schools; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pakistan
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A