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ERIC Number: EJ1217535
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Jul
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0734-2829
Indiscriminate Responding Can Increase Effect Sizes for Clinical Phenomena in Nonclinical Populations: A Cautionary Note
Holden, Ronald R.; Marjanovic, Zdravko; Troister, Talia
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, v37 n4 p464-472 Jul 2019
Indiscriminate (i.e., carless, random, insufficient effort) responses, commonly believed to weaken effect sizes and produce Type II errors, can inflate effect sizes and potentially produce Type I errors where a supposedly significant result is actually artifactual. We demonstrate how indiscriminate responses can produce spuriously high correlations in depression and hopelessness data in a nonclinical population (i.e., undergraduates), how this inflation occurs, where this misrepresentation is likely to happen, and how to guard against it. Although previous researchers have succeeded in showing this effect with samples of entirely simulated data, this study is the first to our knowledge to show that indiscriminate responding causes Type I errors in observed data.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Beck Depression Inventory; Hopelessness Scale
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A