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ERIC Number: EJ1211058
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-2194
Stability of Risk Status during Preschool
Milburn, Trelani F.; Lonigan, Christopher J.; Phillips, Beth M.
Journal of Learning Disabilities, v52 n3 p209-219 May-Jun 2019
The current study investigated the stability of children's risk status across the preschool year. A total of 1,102 preschool children attending Title 1 schools (n = 631) and non-Title 1 schools (n = 471) participated in this study. Using averaged standard scores for two measures of language, print knowledge, and phonological awareness administered at the beginning of preschool (Time 1) and midyear (Time 2), children were classified as at-risk or not at each time point. Prevalence rates were determined for four categories of risk status: (1) always at risk, (2) only at risk at Time 1, (3) never at risk, and (4) only at risk at Time 2. Univariate and multivariate analyses indicated that the best predictor of children's risk status was their level of skill in the respective literacy domain at the beginning of preschool. These results suggest that children with stable risk can be identified early and may benefit from the early provision of extra instructional support within a response-to-instruction framework.
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH); Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Florida
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: HD052120; R305B090021