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ERIC Number: EJ1195980
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Nov
Pages: 7
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-0025-5769
Teaching "with" (Not "Near") Technology
Reiten, Lindsay
Mathematics Teacher, v112 n3 p208-214 Nov 2018
What does it mean for teachers to integrate technology effectively? Effectively integrating technology means teaching "with" not "near" technology. The author defines "teaching near technology" (Leatham 2002) as using technology in a manner that does not promote opportunities for students to communicate, reflect, and connect mathematical representations. "Teaching with technology" refers to using technology to promote opportunities for students to develop conceptual understanding through reflection and communication (Hiebert et al. 1997) and through using and connecting mathematical representations (NCTM 2014). Among the myriad of technology tools available, virtual manipulatives (VMs) are one tool that has gained increased attention in recent years. Although VMs have been used in classrooms for quite some time (e.g., see Moyer-Packenham et al. 2014), limited resources exist supporting teaching "with" VMs. Therefore, this article presents two tools (i.e., a set of guiding questions and a task-analysis framework) that were refined during a professional development (PD) opportunity for secondary mathematics teachers aimed at supporting their efforts to teach "with" VM activities. Before introducing the two tools, the author briefly defines VMs and then discusses them in relation to some of the ways teachers' instruction and students' learning can benefit when teachers instruct "with" VMs.
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. 1906 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 800-235-7566; Tel: 703-620-9840; Fax: 703-476-2570; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A