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ERIC Number: EJ1183506
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jul
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1049-7315
Trends in Methodological Quality in Controlled Trials of Psychological and Social Interventions
Sundell, Knut; Åhsberg, Elizabeth
Research on Social Work Practice, v28 n5 p568-576 Jul 2018
Objective: There is substantial evidence that poorly designed and reported research can mislead decision making in clinical care. This review investigates the methodological quality of Swedish trials of a wide array of psychological and social interventions. Method: The review includes 302 articles published in peer-reviewed journals during 1990-2014, which evaluated a psychological or social intervention; included a randomized or nonrandomized control group with a pre-post- or pre-follow-up design; and targeted individuals in order to prevent or rehabilitate from physical, psychological, or social problems. The results are based on the information reported in the articles. Results: Overall, methodological quality increased with time. However, more recent studies contained methodological deficits. For example, few had used blinded data collectors, reported power analyses, or searched for adverse events. Conclusion: The results indicate a potential risk of biased results in both older and newer trials. Possible implications for practice and research are discussed. [Paper presented at the Stockholm Conference on Behavioral and Social Intervention Research, 11-12 May, 2017.]
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A