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ERIC Number: EJ1180908
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2154-6282
The Curriculum Process--Case Turku in Finland
Soukainen, Ulla
i.e.: inquiry in education, v10 n1 Article 5 2018
In Finnish early childhood education and care, many changes have been occurring in recent years (Figure 1). The Day Care Act was drafted in 1973, and things largely remained the same until 2015. On August 1, 2015, the new law, the Act on Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC), came into force. But before that, some small changes had occurred, which ultimately led to the reform of the law. In 2009, the Minister of Health and Social Services and the Minister of Education appointed liquidators to find out what arrangements should be done. Many municipalities had already transferred ECEC from health and social services to the education sector, and this was also recommended in the statement. It concludes that the management of day care should be transferred as a whole from the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health to the Ministry of Culture and Education. This was done in 2013. In 2015, due to the new law, the term "day care" became "early childhood education and care" because services were allocated to support children's development, not simply to provide a service to enable the children's guardians to work. In addition to the change to the law, attention was also paid to the development of content. The national core curriculum for pre-primary education was renewed in 2014. Pre-primary education providers had to prepare and adopt the local curriculum on August 1, 2016 (Finnish National Agency for Education, 2017b). At the same time, at the national level, the core curriculum for early childhood education and care was prepared with stakeholders. As stated on the Finnish National Agency for Education's (2016a) website: "The municipality, joint municipal authority or other service provider shall prepare and adopt a local curriculum compliant with this core curriculum at the latest on August 1, 2017" (Regulation 39/011/2016, 2.1).
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A