NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1180822
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Feb
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0119-5646
Fostering Strategic Learning: The Development and Validation of the Writing Strategies for Motivational Regulation Questionnaire (WSMRQ)
Teng, Lin Sophie; Zhang, Lawrence Jun
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, v25 n1 p123-134 Feb 2016
This article describes the development and validation of a survey instrument, the "Writing Strategies for Motivational Regulation Questionnaire" ("WSMRQ"), designed to measure Chinese university students' reported use of motivational regulation strategies in writing in English as a second/foreign language (L2). Conceptualized in a self-regulated learning framework, the "WSMRQ" was developed and validated. Two independent samples of 359 and 373 Chinese university students were recruited. The data were subject to exploratory factor analyses (EFA) and confirmatory factor analyses (CFA), respectively, to evaluate the psychometric properties of the instrument. Results of the EFA revealed a five-factor structure of motivational regulation strategies: Interesting enhancement, performance self-talk, mastery self-talk, emotional control, and environment structuring. The CFA results from another sample supported a five-factor correlated model with the best fit, confirming the validity and reliability of the "WSMRQ." The significant, moderate correlations between the five motivational regulation strategies and writing scores showed the instrument's reasonable predictive validity. Pedagogical implications are also discussed.
Springer. Available from: Springer Nature. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A