ERIC Number: EJ1180735
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Motivation Gap and Achievement Gap between Public and Private High Schools in the Philippines
Bernardo, Allan B. I.; Ganotice, Fraide A., Jr.; King, Ronnel B.
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, v24 n4 p657-667 Dec 2015
As in many countries, public school students in the Philippines have lower levels of achievement compared to private school students. We study whether there is a motivation gap related to this achievement gap by assessing a range of motivational constructs (sense of self, facilitating conditions, and achievement goals) drawn from personal investment theory of motivation, and examining how these constructs predict various school outcomes. Filipino students (N = 1,694) enrolled in high school Chemistry from private and public high schools participated in the study. Multivariate Analysis of Variance indicated that public school students reported less support for schooling from their social groups, lower academic related self-concept, and lower achievement goals compared to private school students. Multiple regression analyses indicated that motivational variables explained a significant amount of variance in achievement and school engagement.
Descriptors: Motivation, Achievement Gap, Public Schools, Private Schools, Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, High School Students, Chemistry, Multivariate Analysis, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Philippines
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A