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ERIC Number: EJ1180560
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jul
Pages: 25
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2198-9745
A Study of Students' Readiness to Learn Calculus
Carlson, Marilyn P.; Madison, Bernard; West, Richard D.
International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education, v1 n2 p209-233 Jul 2015
The Calculus Concept Readiness (CCR) instrument assesses foundational understandings and reasoning abilities that have been documented to be essential for learning calculus. The CCR Taxonomy describes the understandings and reasoning abilities assessed by CCR. The CCR is a 25-item multiple-choice instrument that can be used as a placement test for entry into calculus and to assess the effectiveness of precalculus level instruction. Results from administering the CCR to first semester calculus students at the beginning of the semester revealed severe weaknesses in students' foundational knowledge and reasoning abilities for learning calculus. Correlating CCR results with course grades revealed that students with higher CCR scores are better prepared to succeed in beginning calculus. The CCR data further identified specific ways of thinking and concepts for which precalculus instruction could be improved to influence student learning and preparation for calculus.
Springer. Available from: Springer Nature. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: 1122965