ERIC Number: EJ1180549
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Parents' Class Background and Hypergamy in the Marriage Market of Bangladesh: Does the Dowry Affect School Dropout among Girls?
Shahidul, S. M.
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, v23 n3 p709-715 Sep 2014
This study aims to discover how the cultural backgrounds of the marriage market affect school dropout outcome among girls in secondary school level in Bangladesh. This study focuses on the practice of dowry payments that a bride's family pays to the groom's family. Previous research has indicated that the dowry practice in marriage market hinders girls' education in Bangladesh. This study examines how parents' hypergamic tendency (i.e., insuring that the groom's educational level is higher than or equal to the bride's education level) and dowry payment expectation influence school dropout outcomes for girls and relate to the parents' class background factors. Data were collected in September, 2010 using questionnaires from parents of female students in the sub-district Pirgonj in Bangladesh. "structural equation modeling" was conducted to test direct and indirect associations among variables. The results show that parents' hypergamic tendency and dowry payment expectation are both negatively associated with their daughters' school dropout outcomes. Compared with employed parents, unemployed parents are less hypergamic and less likely to expect to a higher dowry payment than the employed parents. The main reason for this difference is that unemployed parents prefer their daughters to leave school earlier to marry grooms who have lower level of education, as higher-educated grooms demand a higher dowry price in the marriage market in Bangladesh.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Parent Background, Dropout Rate, Dropout Characteristics, Females, Marriage, Cultural Influences, Secondary School Students, Educational Attainment, Questionnaires, Parent Attitudes, Structural Equation Models, Expectation, Parent Aspiration, Social Values
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Bangladesh
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A