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ERIC Number: EJ1180427
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Aug
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0119-5646
The Challenge of Measuring Willingness to Communicate in EFL Contexts
Peng, Jian
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, v22 n3 p281-290 Aug 2013
The measurement of willingness to communicate (WTC) in a second language (L2) has been pervasive in quantitative research particularly in the context of structural equation modeling. An important prerequisite for this line of research is to establish the psychometric properties of the instrument used to measure L2 WTC. This study involves measuring WTC in the Chinese context where English is learned as a foreign language (EFL), and identifying the factor structure underlying the L2 WTC scale adopted from the literature. Questionnaire data were collected from 1,013 university undergraduate students. An exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were respectively performed on random split-half samples. The results indicate that the participants reporting WTC in classroom situations outnumbered those expressing WTC in out-of-class situations. A two-factor structure of WTC was identified to adequately represent the data: WTC inside and outside the classroom. This paper concludes with a discussion of the results, caveats and implications for measuring WTC in EFL contexts.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A