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ERIC Number: EJ1180135
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-May
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1531-7714
An Application of the Partial Credit IRT Model in Identifying Benchmarks for Polytomous Rating Scale Instruments
Dogan, Enis
Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, v23 n7 May 2018
Several large scale assessments include student, teacher, and school background questionnaires. Results from such questionnaires can be reported for each item separately, or as indices based on aggregation of multiple items into a scale. Interpreting scale scores is not always an easy task though. In disseminating results of achievement tests, one solution to this conundrum is to identify cut scores on the reporting scale in order to divide it into achievement levels that correspond to distinct knowledge and skill profiles. This allows for the reporting of the percentage of students at each achievement level in addition to average scale scores. Dividing a scale into meaningful segments can, and perhaps should, be done to enrich interpretability of scales based on questionnaire items as well. This article illustrates an approach based on an application of Item Response Theory (IRT) to accomplish this. The application is demonstrated with a polytomous rating scale instrument designed to measure students' sense of school belonging.
Center for Educational Assessment. 813 North Pleasant Street, Amherst, MA 01002. e-mail:; Tel: 413-577-2180; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A