ERIC Number: EJ1180089
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Gender Equity in College Majors: Looking beyond the STEM/Non-STEM Dichotomy for Answers Regarding Female Participation
Ganley, Colleen M.; George, Casey E.; Cimpian, Joseph R.; Makowski, Martha B.
American Educational Research Journal, v55 n3 p453-487 Jun 2018
Women are underrepresented in many science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors and in some non-STEM majors (e.g., philosophy). Combining newly gathered data on students' perceptions of college major traits with data from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002), we find that perceived gender bias against women emerges as the dominant predictor of the gender balance in college majors. The perception of the major being math or science oriented is less important. We replicate these findings using a separate sample to measure college major traits. Results suggest the need to incorporate major-level traits in research on gender gaps in college major choices and the need to recognize the impact of perceptions of potential gender discrimination on college major choices.
Descriptors: Majors (Students), Gender Differences, Sex Fairness, Females, Student Attitudes, Gender Bias, Predictor Variables, Undergraduate Students, Individual Differences, Longitudinal Studies, Student Characteristics, Correlation, Regression (Statistics), STEM Education, Humanities, Statistical Analysis
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305B100017