ERIC Number: EJ1179885
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Feeling Loved and Integrated or Lonely and Rejected in Everyday Life: The Role of Age and Social Motivation
Nikitin, Jana; Freund, Alexandra M.
Developmental Psychology, v54 n6 p1186-1198 Jun 2018
Social approach and social avoidance goals (i.e., approach of positive and avoidance of negative outcomes in social situations) are important predictors of the feeling of being socially integrated or isolated. However, little is known about the development of these goals across adulthood. In a large diary study with N = 744 young (18-39 years), middle-aged (40-59 years), and older adults (60-83 years), we tested the hypothesis that the adaptiveness of social goals changes across adulthood: Social approach goals were hypothesized to be adaptive during young adulthood when adult social relationships are to be established. In contrast, social avoidance goals were hypothesized to become more adaptive with age as people are increasingly motivated to avoid interpersonal tension. Our findings support these hypotheses: Social approach goals were positively and social avoidance goals negatively associated with younger but not with middle-aged and older adults' daily social well-being. These results were robust across different situations (positive, negative) and different types of relationships (close, peripheral). The study highlights the changing role of social approach and avoidance goals for daily social well-being across adulthood.
Descriptors: Adult Development, Motivation, Interpersonal Competence, Social Isolation, Social Integration, Diaries, Hypothesis Testing, Age Differences, Young Adults, Older Adults, Well Being, Foreign Countries, Online Surveys, Maximum Likelihood Statistics, Predictor Variables, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A