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ERIC Number: EJ1179881
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jun
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Identity and the Body: Trajectories of Body Esteem from Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood
Nelson, Sarah C.; Kling, Johanna; Wängqvist, Maria; Frisén, Ann; Syed, Moin
Developmental Psychology, v54 n6 p1159-1171 Jun 2018
Although Erikson (1968) originally conceptualized identity development as a process of becoming at home in one's body, little work has been done linking identity development and research on the body. This study examines how trajectories of the development of body esteem over time are related to young people's sense of identity and psychological functioning in a longitudinal sample from age 10 to 24 (N = 967). Using group-based trajectory modeling, three cubic subgroups were determined for each of the three types of body esteem: appearance, weight, and attribution. These groups demonstrated significant variations in the ways in which body esteem changes over time. These trajectory groups importantly differed in relationship to gender, identity coherence, identity confusion, and psychological functioning. Results are discussed in terms of the need to use a sociocultural perspective to explore the body's relation to identity development and the importance of disaggregating mean-level findings using person-centered approaches to determine high-risk groups.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Brief Symptom Inventory
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A