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ERIC Number: EJ1179794
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-May
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1570-1824
Effects of Question Stem on Student Descriptions of Histograms
Kaplan, Jennifer J.; Lyford, Alexander; Jennings, Jeremy K.
Statistics Education Research Journal, v17 n1 p85-102 May 2018
Assessment is necessary, but difficult, in statistics education. Multiple choice assessments are common, particularly for research purposes. Open-ended assessments may be more adept at revealing student understanding, but ensuring their validity can be difficult. The study presented here examines differences in student descriptions of histograms for different question prompts and scenarios in order to understand how best to ask such questions in research and teaching situations. The results show that different ways of asking students to describe histograms and different scenarios and shapes of histograms lead to systematic differences in student descriptions of histograms. The paper concludes with suggestions for phrasing questions, both for research and classroom assessment, and provides directions for future research based on our results.
International Association for Statistics Education and the International Statistical Institute. PO Box 24070, 2490 AB The Hague, The Netherlands. Tel: +31-70-3375737; Fax: +31-70-3860025; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: 1322962