ERIC Number: EJ1179579
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Theory-Based Analysis of Interest in an HIV Vaccine for Reasons Indicative of Risk Compensation among African American Women
Painter, Julia E.; Temple, Brandie S.; Woods, Laura A.; Cwiak, Carrie; Haddad, Lisa B.; Mulligan, Mark J.; DiClemente, Ralph J.
Health Education & Behavior, v45 n3 p444-453 Jun 2018
Licensure of an HIV vaccine could reduce or eliminate HIV among vulnerable populations. However, vaccine effectiveness could be undermined by risk compensation (RC), defined by an increase in risky behavior due to a belief that the vaccine will confer protection. Interest in an HIV vaccine for reasons indicative of RC may serve as an indicator of actual RC in a postlicensure era. This study assessed factors associated with interest in an HIV vaccine for reasons indicative of RC among African American women aged 18 to 55 years, recruited from a hospital-based family planning clinic in Atlanta, Georgia (N = 321). Data were collected using audio-computer-assisted surveys. Survey items were guided by risk homeostasis theory and social cognitive theory. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess determinants of interest in an HIV vaccine for reasons indicative of RC. Thirty-eight percent of the sample expressed interest in an HIV vaccine for at least one reason indicative of RC. In the final model, interest in an HIV vaccine for reasons indicative of RC was positively associated with higher impulsivity, perceived benefits of sexual risk behaviors, and perceived benefits of HIV vaccination; it was negatively associated with having at least some college education, positive future orientation, and self-efficacy for sex refusal. Results suggest that demographic, personality, and theory-based psychosocial factors are salient to wanting an HIV vaccine for reasons indicative of RC, and underscore the need for risk-reduction counseling alongside vaccination during the eventual rollout of an HIV vaccine.
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Immunization Programs, African Americans, Females, Risk, Interests, Adults, Surveys, Theories, Regression (Statistics), Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Georgia (Atlanta)
Grant or Contract Numbers: T32AI074492