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ERIC Number: EJ1179516
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jun
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1571-0068
Development and Application of Learning Materials to Help Students Understand Ten Statements Describing the Nature of Scientific Observation
Kim, Sangsoo; Park, Jongwon
International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, v16 n5 p857-876 Jun 2018
Observing scientific events or objects is a complex process that occurs through the interaction between the observer's knowledge or expectations, the surrounding context, physiological features of the human senses, scientific inquiry processes, and the use of observational instruments. Scientific observation has various features specific to this process. In this study, we describe the nature of scientific observation in 10 statements that have been emphasized by educators, philosophers, and psychologists and discuss their educational implications. To help students understand these 10 statements, learning materials were developed and tested with 110 10th-grade students. The results for almost all statements showed that students' agreement on the nature of scientific observation increased after studying the materials, and the agreement was found to be stable because it had not decreased 6 weeks later. We conclude on this basis that the difficult philosophical and psychological concepts involved in scientific observation can be taught effectively to high school students if we develop and use activities appropriate to their level that can further their understanding.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A