ERIC Number: EJ1179434
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Rolling Back Zero Tolerance: The Effect of Discipline Policy Reform on Suspension Usage and Student Outcomes
Lacoe, Johanna; Steinberg, Matthew P.
Peabody Journal of Education, v93 n2 p207-227 2018
Beginning in the early 1990s, states and districts enacted zero-tolerance discipline policies that relied heavily on out-of-school suspensions. Recently, districts nationwide have revised these policies in favor of more tempered disciplinary responses. In 2012-2013, Philadelphia reformed its discipline policy to limit suspensions for nonviolent student misconduct and granted principals greater discretion in responding to more serious occurrences of student misconduct. Employing a difference-in-differences approach, we find that Philadelphia's reform resulted in a modest decline in suspensions for nonviolent infractions in the year of reform; however, total suspensions remained unchanged while serious incidents of student misconduct increased. Further, the truancy rate increased and district math and English language arts achievement declined following the policy reform. These findings should inform policymakers and practitioners on the implications of district-level reforms for suspension usage and the potential consequences for student outcomes.
Descriptors: Zero Tolerance Policy, Discipline Policy, Educational Change, Principals, Suspension, School Districts, Behavior Problems, Truancy, Violence, Mathematics Achievement, Language Arts, Policy Analysis, Outcome Measures, Elementary Secondary Education, Trend Analysis, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania (Philadelphia); Pennsylvania
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A