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ERIC Number: EJ1179370
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1350-293X
Developmental Differences between Preschool Boys and Girls in Northeastern Germany
Lewicki, Käthe; Franze, Marco; Gottschling-Lang, Annika; Hoffmann, Wolfgang
European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, v26 n3 p316-333 2018
The general gender discourse has currently revealed gender gaps as early as at preschool age. To analyze developmental differences between boys and girls in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, n = 4,251 preschoolers aged 48-83 months were examined by means of the 'Dortmund Developmental Screening for Preschools 3-6' (DESK 3-6). Using the "sex-nonspecific" overall screening norms, sex differences were favoring females at all ages and in all areas of competence (0.18 = |d| = 0.82): fine and gross motor skills, language and cognition, and social development. The application of "sex-specific" norms, however, placed emphasis on diversity within groups instead of sex dichotomies, on the complexity of child development and the individuality of intervention needs: Sex differences were generally negligible, apart from few statistically significant, yet quantitatively small, effects (0.005 = |d| = 0.42). Consequently, competency-based, intersectional, individual-centred rather than sex-based strategies seem promising for preschool programs in northeastern Germany.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A