ERIC Number: EJ1179277
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
The Comprehension Problems of Children with Poor Reading Comprehension Despite Adequate Decoding: A Meta-Analysis
Spencer, Mercedes; Wagner, Richard K.
Review of Educational Research, v88 n3 p366-400 Jun 2018
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the comprehension problems of children who have a specific reading comprehension deficit (SCD), which is characterized by poor reading comprehension despite adequate decoding. The meta-analysis included 86 studies of children with SCD who were assessed in reading comprehension and oral language (vocabulary, listening comprehension, storytelling ability, and semantic and syntactic knowledge). Results indicated that children with SCD had deficits in oral language (d = -0.78, 95% confidence interval, CI [-0.89, -0.68], but these deficits were not as severe as their deficit in reading comprehension (d = -2.78, 95% CI [-3.01, -2.54]). When compared with reading comprehension age-matched normal readers, the oral language skills of the two groups were comparable (d = 0.32, 95% CI [-0.49, 1.14]), which suggests that the oral language weaknesses of children with SCD represent a developmental delay rather than developmental deviance. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Decoding (Reading), Language Skills, Developmental Delays, Meta Analysis, Reading Difficulties, Oral Language, Vocabulary Development, Listening Comprehension, Semantics, Syntax, Story Telling, Comparative Analysis, Effect Size, Educational Research, Literature Reviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH); Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes