ERIC Number: EJ1178973
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Training of Parental Scaffolding in High-Socio-Economic Status Families: How Do Parents of Full- and Preterm-Born Toddlers Benefit?
Gärtner, Kim Angeles; Vetter, Verena Clara; Schäferling, Michaela; Reuner, Gitta; Hertel, Silke
British Journal of Educational Psychology, v88 n2 p300-322 Jun 2018
Background: Preterm children have an increased risk regarding self-regulation development. Given the strong link between parenting behaviour (i.e., scaffolding and sensitivity) and children's self-regulation, parental training presents a promising way to counteract the negative consequences of preterm birth. Aims: We explored the effectiveness of parental training by comparing a basic scaffolding training and a combined scaffolding/sensitivity training to an active treatment-control group (stress management). Basic and combined treatments should increase parents' domain-specific self-efficacy (DSSE) and beliefs on parental co-regulation and the promotion of learning (BCL) more than the control treatment should. No such differences were expected for parents' domain-general self-efficacy (DGSE). We examined whether parents of preterm and full-term children benefitted equally from training conditions. Sample(s): A total of 87 parents of full-term and 35 parents of preterm toddlers (24-36 months of age, corrected for prematurity) participated. Methods: Based on a quasi-experimental pre-test--post-test follow-up design, parents were randomly assigned to treatments. A multimethod approach was applied, including self-report, parent-child interactions, and standardized behavioural tasks. The presented study is limited to questionnaire data on parents' DGSE, DSSE, and BCL. Results: An overall increase resulted from pre- to post-test and/or follow-up. Parents' BCL changed significantly stronger in the combined training than in the control group. Parents of preterm and full-term children benefitted equally from basic and combined training. Conclusions: The combined training enhanced BCL among parents of full-term and preterm children the most. If such training also yields improvement on the behavioural level, this finding will advance preterm aftercare.
Descriptors: Premature Infants, Child Development, Self Control, Child Rearing, Parenting Styles, Parent Education, Program Effectiveness, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Self Efficacy, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, Comparative Analysis, Toddlers, Quasiexperimental Design, Pretests Posttests, Interaction, Questionnaires, Socioeconomic Status
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A