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ERIC Number: EJ1178670
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-May
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
Iodine Coulometry of Various Reducing Agents Including Thiols with Online Photocell Detection Coupled to a Multifunctional Chemical Analysis Station to Eliminate Student End Point Detection by Eye
Padilla Mercado, Jeralyne B.; Coombs, Eri M.; De Jesus, Jenny P.; Bretz, Stacey Lowery; Danielson, Neil D.
Journal of Chemical Education, v95 n5 p777-782 May 2018
Multifunctional chemical analysis (MCA) systems provide a viable alternative for large scale instruction while supporting a hands-on approach to more advanced instrumentation. These systems are robust and typically use student stations connected to a remote central computer for data collection, minimizing the need for computers at every student workspace. MCA networks offer multiple measurement capabilities; however, constant-current coulometry is still an uncommon MCA option. The characterization of an assembled teaching coulometry instrument for online data acquisition using an MCA system is described. A constant-current source connected to nonisolated Pt electrodes in a 150 mL beaker serving as the reaction cell caused the iodine titrant to be electrochemically generated for subsequent reaction with the analyte reducing agent. A photoresistor mounted on the stir plate below the beaker monitored the darkening of the solution due to formation of the starch-iodine complex. The change in voltage from an operational amplifier circuit permitted this titration curve to be stored by the MCA system for subsequent graphical analysis by Excel. Characterization of the instrument for direct analyte determination is performed with ascorbic acid, thiols, thiosulfate, and bisulfite. The number of electrons per mole of thiol for iodine titration of glutathione and N-acetylcysteine varied differently as a function of pH, indicating different reaction pathways. Ascorbic acid and the thiols are determined in dietary supplements with a recovery of 90-100%, and % RSDs of triplicate measurements ranged from 0.7% to 5%.
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: 1432466